Al-Maidah ayat 116-117 ( Pengakuan Nabi Isa )

4:30:00 AM


Pengakuan Nabi Isa

Ingat tak dulu aku ada post mengenai Bukti Nabi Isa bukan anak Allah??
Hari nii aku nak kongsi pasal bukti Nabi Isa A.S sendiri mengaku bahawa dia tidak pernah menyuruh manusia menyembah dirinya mahupun ibunya, Maryam.

Surah Al-Maidah.
Ayat 116-117.



Dan (ingatlah) ketika Allah berfirman: Wahai Isa Ibni Mariam! Engkaukah yang berkata kepada manusia: Jadikanlah daku dan ibuku dua tuhan selain dari Allah? Nabi Isa menjawab: Maha Suci Engkau (wahai Tuhan)! Tidaklah layak bagiku mengatakan sesuatu yang aku tidak berhak (mengatakannya). Jika aku ada mengatakannya, maka tentulah Engkau telah mengetahuinya. Engkau mengetahui apa yang ada pada diriku, sedang aku tidak mengetahui apa yang ada pada diriMu; kerana sesungguhnya Engkau jualah Yang Maha Mengetahui perkara-perkara yang ghaib.



Aku tidak mengatakan kepada mereka melainkan apa yang Engkau perintahkan kepadaku mengatakannya, iaitu: “Sembahlah kamu akan Allah, Tuhanku dan Tuhan kamu”, dan adalah aku menjadi pengawas terhadap mereka (dengan membenarkan yang benar dan menyalahkan yang salah) selama aku berada dalam kalangan mereka; kemudian apabila Engkau sempurnakan tempohku, menjadilah Engkau sendiri yang mengawasi keadaan mereka dan Engkau jualah yang menjadi Saksi atas tiap-tiap sesuatu.

Isa Rejects Shirk and Affirms Tawhid
Allah says;
وَإِذْ قَالَ اللّهُ يَا عِيسَى ابْنَ مَرْيَمَ أَأَنتَ قُلتَ لِلنَّاسِ ... 
And (remember) when Allah will say (on the Day of Resurrection):
Allah will also speak to His servant and Messenger, `Isa son of Maryam, peace be upon him, saying to him on the Day of Resurrection in the presence of those who worshipped `Isa and his mother as gods besides Allah,
... يَا عِيسَى ابْنَ مَرْيَمَ أَأَنتَ قُلتَ لِلنَّاسِ اتَّخِذُونِي وَأُمِّيَ إِلَـهَيْنِ مِن دُونِ اللّهِ ...
O `Isa, son of Maryam! Did you say unto men: `Worship me and my mother as two gods besides Allah!'
This is a threat and a warning to Christians, chastising them in public, as Qatadah and others said, and Qatadah mentioned this Ayah as evidence,
هَذَا يَوْمُ يَنفَعُ الصَّادِقِينَ صِدْقُهُمْ
"This is a Day on which the truthful will profit from their truth.'' (5:119)
Allah's statement,
... قَالَ سُبْحَانَكَ مَا يَكُونُ لِي أَنْ أَقُولَ مَا لَيْسَ لِي بِحَقٍّ ...
He will say: "Glory be to You! It was not for me to say what I had no right (to say)...
contains Allah's direction for `Isa to utter the perfect answer.
Ibn Abi Hatim recorded that Abu Hurayrah said,
"`Isa will be taught his argument in reply to what Allah will ask him, وَإِذْ قَالَ اللّهُ  يَاعِيسَى ابْنَ مَرْيَمَ أَأَنتَ قُلتَ لِلنَّاسِ اتَّخِذُونِي وَأُمِّيَ إِلَـهَيْنِ مِن دُونِ اللّهِ(And (remember) when Allah will say (on the Day of Resurrection): "O `Isa, son of Maryam! Did you say unto men: `Worship me and my mother as two gods besides Allah!').''
Abu Hurayrah then narrated that the Prophet said that Allah taught `Isa to say,
سُبْحَانَكَ مَا يَكُونُ لِي أَنْ أَقُولَ مَا لَيْسَ لِي بِحَقٍّ
Glory be to You! It was not for me to say what I had no right (to say)...
Ath-Thawri narrated this Hadith from Ma`mar from Ibn Tawus from Tawus.
`Isa's statement,
... إِن كُنتُ قُلْتُهُ فَقَدْ عَلِمْتَهُ ...
Had I said such a thing, You would surely have known it.
means, had I said it, You, my Lord, would have known it, for nothing escapes Your knowledge. Rather, I have not said these words nor did the thought even cross my mind, this why he said,
... تَعْلَمُ مَا فِي نَفْسِي وَلاَ أَعْلَمُ مَا فِي نَفْسِكَ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ عَلاَّمُ الْغُيُوبِ ﴿١١٦﴾
مَا قُلْتُ لَهُمْ إِلاَّ مَا أَمَرْتَنِي بِهِ ... 
You know what is in my inner self though I do not know what is in Yours, truly, You, only You, are the Knower of all that is hidden and unseen. Never did I say to them ought except what You (Allah) did command me to say... (and convey).
... أَنِ اعْبُدُواْ اللّهَ رَبِّي وَرَبَّكُمْ ...
Worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord.
I only called them to what You sent me with and commanded me to convey to them, أَنِ اعْبُدُواْ اللّهَ رَبِّي وَرَبَّكُمْ  (Worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord) and this is what I conveyed to them,
.... وَكُنتُ عَلَيْهِمْ شَهِيدًا مَّا دُمْتُ فِيهِمْ ...
And I was a witness over them while I dwelled amongst them,
I was a witness over what they did when I was amongst them.
... فَلَمَّا تَوَفَّيْتَنِي كُنتَ أَنتَ الرَّقِيبَ عَلَيْهِمْ وَأَنتَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ شَهِيدٌ ﴿١١٧﴾
but when You took me (up), You were the Watcher over them, and You are a Witness to all things.
Abu Dawud At-Tayalisi recorded that Ibn Abbas said,
"The Messenger of Allah stood up once and gave us a speech in which he said,
يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ إِنَّكُمْ مَحْشُورُونَ إِلَى اللهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ حُفَاةً، عُرَاةً، غُرْلا
O people! You will be gathered to Allah while barefooted, naked and uncircumcised;
كَمَا بَدَأْنَا أَوَّلَ خَلْقٍ نُّعِيدُهُ
As We began the first creation, We shall repeat it. (21:104)
وَإِنَّ أَوَّلَ الْخَلَائِقِ يُكْسَى يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ إِبْرَاهِيمُ، أَلَا وَإِنَّهُ يُجَاءُ بِرِجَالٍ مِنْ أُمَّتِي فَيُؤْخَذُ بِهِمْ ذَاتَ الشِّمَالِ، فَأَقُولُ: أَصْحَابِي، فَيُقَالُ:إِنَّكَ لَا تَدْرِي مَا أَحْدَثُوا بَعْدَكَ، فَأَقُولُ كَمَا قَالَ الْعَبْدُ الصَّالِح
The first among the creation who will be covered with clothes will be Ibrahim. Some men from my Ummah will be brought and taken to the left (to the Fire) and I will yell, `They are my followers!' It will be said, `You do not know what they innovated after you (in religion).' So I will say just as the righteous servant (`Isa) said,
مَا قُلْتُ لَهُمْ إِلاَّ مَا أَمَرْتَنِي بِهِ أَنِ اعْبُدُواْ اللّهَ رَبِّي وَرَبَّكُمْ وَكُنتُ عَلَيْهِمْ شَهِيدًا مَّا دُمْتُ فِيهِمْ فَلَمَّا تَوَفَّيْتَنِي كُنتَ أَنتَ الرَّقِيبَ عَلَيْهِمْ وَأَنتَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ شَهِيدٌ
إِن تُعَذِّبْهُمْ فَإِنَّهُمْ عِبَادُكَ وَإِن تَغْفِرْ لَهُمْ فَإِنَّكَ أَنتَ الْعَزِيزُ الْحَكِيمُ
And I was a witness over them while I dwelled amongst them, but when You took me (up), You were the Watcher over them, and You are a Witness to all things. If You punish them, they are Your servants, and if You forgive them, verily You, only You are the Almighty, the All-Wise.
فَيُقَالُ: إِنَّ هؤُلَاءِ لَمْ يَزَالُوا مُرْتَدِّينَ عَلَى أَعْقَابِهِمْ مُنْذُ فَارَقْتَهُم
It will further be said, `These people kept reverting back on their heels after you left them.'''
Al-Bukhari also recorded this Hadith in the explanation of this Ayah.
Allah said;
إِن تُعَذِّبْهُمْ فَإِنَّهُمْ عِبَادُكَ وَإِن تَغْفِرْ لَهُمْ فَإِنَّكَ أَنتَ الْعَزِيزُ الْحَكِيمُ  ﴿١١٨ 
If You punish them, they are Your servants, and if You forgive them, verily You, only You are the Almighty, the All-Wise.
All matters refer back to Allah, for He does what He Wills and none can question Him about what He does, while He will question them.
This Ayah also shows the crime of the Christians who invented a lie against Allah and His Messenger, thus making a rival, wife and son for Allah. Allah is glorified in that He is far above what they attribute to Him. So this Ayah has tremendous value and delivers unique news.


قَالَ اللَّهُ هَـذَا يَوْمُ يَنفَعُ الصَّـدِقِينَ صِدْقُهُمْ
5:119 Allah will say: "This is a Day on which the truthful will profit from their truth:
لَهُمْ جَنَّـتٌ تَجْرِى مِن تَحْتِهَا الاٌّنْهَـرُ خَـلِدِينَ فِيهَآ أَبَداً
Theirs are Gardens under which rivers flow (in Paradise) -- they shall abide therein forever.
رَّضِىَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمْ وَرَضُواْ عَنْهُ ذلِكَ الْفَوْزُ الْعَظِيمُ
Allah is pleased with them and they with Him. That is the great success.
للَّهِ مُلْكُ السَّمَـوَتِ وَالاٌّرْضِ وَمَا فِيهِنَّ وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَىْءٍ قَدِيرٌ
5:120 To Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth and all that is therein, and He is able to do all things.
 Only Truth will be of Benefit on the Day of Resurrection
Allah says;
قَالَ اللّهُ ... 
Allah will say:
Allah answers His servant and Messenger `Isa, son of Maryam, after he disowns the disbelieving Christians who lied about Allah and His Messenger, and when `Isa refers their end to the will of his Lord.
...هَذَا يَوْمُ يَنفَعُ الصَّادِقِينَ صِدْقُهُمْ ...
This is a Day on which the truthful will profit from their truth.
Ad-Dahhak said that Ibn Abbas commented,
"This is the Day when Tawhid will benefit those who believed in it.''
... لَهُمْ جَنَّاتٌ تَجْرِي مِن تَحْتِهَا الأَنْهَارُ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا أَبَدًا ...
Theirs are Gardens under which rivers flow (in Paradise) -- they shall abide therein forever.
and they will never be removed from it.
... رَّضِيَ اللّهُ عَنْهُمْ وَرَضُواْ عَنْهُ ...
Allah is pleased with them and they with Him.
وَرِضْوَنٌ مِّنَ اللَّهِ أَكْبَرُ
But the greatest bliss is the good pleasure of Allah. (9:72)
We will mention the Hadiths about this Ayah (9:72) later on.
Allah's statement,
... ذَلِكَ الْفَوْزُ الْعَظِيمُ ﴿١١٩﴾
That is the great success.
means, this is the great success, other than which there is no greater success.
Allah said in another Ayat,
لِمِثْلِ هَـذَا فَلْيَعْمَلِ الْعَـمِلُونَ
For the like of this let the workers work. (37:61)
and,
وَفِى ذَلِكَ فَلْيَتَنَافَسِ الْمُتَنَـفِسُونَ
And for this let (all) those strive who want to strive. (83:26)
Allah's statement,
لِلّهِ مُلْكُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالأَرْضِ وَمَا فِيهِنَّ وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ ﴿١٢٠ 
To Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth and all that is therein, and He is able to do all things.
means, He created everything, owns everything, controls the affairs of everything and is able to do all things. Therefore, everything and everyone are in His domain and under His power and will. There is none like Him, nor is there rival, ancestor, son, or wife for Him, nor a lord or god besides Him.
Ibn Wahb said that he heard Huyay bin Abdullah saying that Abu Abdur-Rahman Al-Habli said that Abdullah bin `Amr said,
"The last revealed Surah was Surah Al-Ma'idah.''
This is the end of the Tafsir of Surah Al-Ma'idah. To Allah be praise and blessings.



P/S : Hihihi, niii laaa yang nak di share bersama korang. Hahaha, tadi aku baca Al-Quran, ayat nii laa menarik perhatian aku. Dalam Quran dah kata. Kalam daripada Allah sendiri. Kta nii manusia biasa je pun.. Tahu kan sekarang kenapa ramai yang mengkaji Al-Quran tertarik nak masuk Islam ? :3

Dearly,
Y

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